The novel high-density mapping system RhythmiaTM Medical (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, USA) allows a fast and automatic acquisition of intracardiac electrograms (EGMs). For recording the ORION mini-basket catheter is used. Due to the small electrode surface, the spatial averaging is smaller than with other commonly used mapping catheters. This results in a higher quality of unipolar signals. However, these are still corrupted by noise such as high frequency interference. Within this project, methods were developed and benchmarked that can be applied to detect and remove these undesired components. An algorithm was implemented to detect and eliminate artificial peaks in the spectrum of the EGM. The filtered signals showed improved quality in time domain. The performance of the spectral peak detection resulted in a median sensitivity of 92.1% and in a median positive predictive value of 91.9%.
Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is still challenging and the sustaining mechanisms are discussed controversially. Basket mapping has emerged to a promising technique to detect temporary events like focal impulses fast changing fibrillation waves or meandering rotors.The aim of this study was to evaluate the atrial coverage of the basket catheter with respect to the distance of the electrodes to the endocardial surface and inter spline separation.